Friday, March 11, 2022

History of Emotional Intelligence

In the early 1970’s, the United States Supreme Court ruled that companies could not hire based on the results of IQ testing.  The court determined that employment testing must be related to job performance.  Harvard University began researching other testing that companies could use that would better determine the potential for problem-solving, conflict resolution and leadership.  Emotional intelligence research and study really started after a Harvard professor, Howard Gardner, established that EQ is more desired in employees than the learning achieved with a college degree or a high IQ.  

Around 1995, Dr. Goleman authored the book "Emotional Intelligence."  This best-seller was an immediate topic of conversation.  Goleman’s book outlined the five key areas of emotional intelligence and how they relate to day- to-day life.  It was shortly after Goleman’s book that the Emotional Competency Inventory was created and is still one of the most popular tests used to determine emotional intelligence of a prospective employee.

Until next time ...

Sheryl Tuchman, SPHR, SHRM-SCP

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